Paeonol is a phenolic-type compound widely used as a component in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It has been reported to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and sedative properties. Recently Paeonol has been introduced as a Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor in various sports supplements.
Indeed in 2004, paeonol was compared against other plant-derived compounds for their ability to inhibit Monoamine Oxidase types A & B . Paeonol was found to inhibit MAO-A with an IC50 of 54.6 micromoles. It also was found to inhibit MAO-B with an IC50 of 42.5 micromoles. On the surface, this may appear useful although important pharmacokinetic questions must be made. Specifically, does oral supplementation of paeonol reach a plasma concentration necessary to actually inhibit MAO?
A look at the literature quickly answers this question. In 2007 a study was conducted to examine the pharmacokinetic parameters of oral paenol supplementation in humans . They gave 160 mg of purified paeonal to 24 healthy individuals and found that the maximum average plasma concentration reached was 217 nanograms/mL. Converting this quantity to micromoles equals a peak plasma concentration of 0.0013 micromoles, or 33,000 times lower than the concentration necessary to inhibit 50% of MAO-B. This effectively eliminates its potential as a Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor.
- Paeonol is a constituent of various types of TCM and has been recently released as a Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor
- Studies show that the concentration necessary to inhibit MAO-A and MAO-B are 54.6 micromoles and 42.5 micromoles, respectively.
- Human pharmacokinetic studies indicate that the maximum plasma concentration reached with administration of 160 mg of purified paeonol is approximately thirty-three thousand times lower than what is necessary to inhibit Monoamine Oxidase, therby rendering its usefulness as a MAO inhibitor null.